FINISHING TRADES INSTITUTE

Painters & Wall Coverers
Job Description:
PAINTERS, INDUSTRIAL PAINTERS and WALLCOVERERS first priority is to prepare surfaces for the finishes to be applied. Some of the processes that are used are: wash, scrape, wire brush or sand the surface and, in some cases, use chemicals, electric scrapers, sandblasters or blow torches  to remove old paint. It is the job of the applicator to sand any irregularities, fill cracks and holes, and remove excess dirt and grease.

The PAINTER uses three major tools to apply paints and coatings: The spray gun, the roller, and the brush. The skilled PAINTER knows and uses what is best for each job. Although some PAINTERS do all types of painting, most specialize in one type, such
as: interior or exterior work, new construction, signs, remodeling, particular structures and buildings (apartments, homes, bridges, water tanks, structural steel), special effects and decorative designs, metal surfaces, or transportation equipment.

It is the task of the INDUSTRIAL PAINTER to remove previous coatings and prepare substrates and surfaces for application of coatings and to apply those coatings where necessary on industrial structures. The INDUSTRIAL PAINTER must possess an interprovincial trade qualification seal or a provincial certificate of trade qualification and certificates of apprenticeship as required.

The INDUSTRIAL PAINTER must be skilled in surface preparation and coating application techniques. He or she must also be familiar with safety requirements of the job site, with the equipment associated with industrial painting, with personal and environmental hygiene practices and requirements of the trade. Due to the risks associated with this work, the industrial painter must be physically fit and not intimidated with the height of the work

The WALL COVERER measures the surface he is to cover and cuts the covering to fit. Next he mixes the adhesive, applies it to the back of the strip of the covering, places the strip in correct position on the wall and smooths it with a smoothing brush or knife. He is very careful to match the paper's pattern, making sure the design continues from strip to strip without a visible break.

PAINTERS, INDUSTRIAL PAINTERS and WALLCOVERERS may also estimate material, time and cost of each job, produce decorative designs, restore natural wood color by bleaching or refinishing, or apply special coatings. Working Conditions: Painting is strenuous work, requiring much walking, standing, reaching, kneeling, stooping, climbing and carrying. Occupational hazards include falls from ladder or scaffolds, and skin or throat irritations from paint fumes and thinners. Exterior painters lose some work time each year due to bad weather. Interior painters who work primarily on new construction may lose work time during slowdowns in construction activity.

Working Conditions:
Painting is strenuous work, requiring much walking, standing, reaching, kneeling, stooping, climbing and carrying. Occupational hazards include falls from ladder or scaffolds, and skin or throat irritations from paint fumes and thinners. Exterior painters lose some worktime each year due to bad weather. Interior painters who work primarily on new construction may lose worktime during slowdowns in construction activity.

Interest and Temperament:
PAINTERS must have manual dexterity as well as steady nerves to work in high places. They should not be allergic to paint fumes, toxic materials, or spray dust. An artistic sense, good eyesight, and a sense of color are necessary to do a first class job.